Kent State, May 4, 1970

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BREAKING NEWS May 4 site now listed on National Register of Historic Places May 4 turns up in a Super Bowl commercial Read Laurel Krause's call for the creation of Four Days In May, the Kent State Truth Tribunal


You know, you see these bums, you know, blowin' up the campuses. Listen, the boys that are on the college campuses today are the luckiest people in the world, going to the greatest universities, and here they are, burnin' up the books, I mean, stormin' around about this issue, I mean, you name it - get rid of the war, there'll be another one.

-- Richard Nixon, New York Times, May 2, 1970

We're Still Waiting for Answers
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On This Day:
May 4 in a nutshell

On Sunday, May 4, 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on antiwar protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others. [Click Here]

Kent State Massacre Tape: 'Right Here, Get Set! Point! Fire!'
Survivors of the 1970 massacre at Kent State are calling on officials to reinvestigate what happened on May 4 1970 when the National Guard shot four students dead at an anti-war rally. On May 1, 2007, one of the survivors – Alan Canfora – released an audio tape from the day of the shootings. Canfora said by closely listening you can hear a National Guard officer issue the command "Right Here, Get Set! Point! Fire!" Following the command, the sounds of shots being fired can be heard. The FBI has never determined whether an order to shoot was given. Eight members of the National Guard were acquitted of federal civil rights charges four years after the shootings. Canfora said the reel-to-reel audio recording was made by a student on campus. [Click HERE for details and AUDIO]


2005 Schedule
Archives No. 1
Archives No. 2
Archives No. 3

See interviews from the film, "13 Seconds: The Day the War Came Home." An Emmy Award-winning documentary.
  • Guardsman and students remember the sequence of events that led to the shootings.
  • One of the shootings is described by a former Kent State student and the guardsman involved.

  • 39 Years After
    4 Students Were
    Slain, We're Still
    Asking 'Why?'


    Historic Site

    May 4 site listed on National Register of Historic Places

    WASHINGTON -- The National Register of Historic Places, the official list of the nation's historic places worthy of preservation, has added the site of the May 4, 1970, shootings at Kent State University to the list Tuesday.

    On May 4, 1970, the pagoda served as a focal point for the advance and retreat of the Ohio National Guard.

    The pagoda appears the same in 2010 as it was in 1970.

    "What happened here at Kent State was historic, and it's only appropriate that it receives this special designation," said Kent State University President Lester A. Lefton.

    "The National Register recognizes those places that are significant in American history and culture, and the May 4 site definitely qualifies for this recognition." [MORE]. :: WKYC-TV 2/23/10

    May 4 turns up in a super bowl commercial
    FloTV ad
    Click image to see video: The Who "My Generation," remixed by

    FloTV via CBS :: 2/7/10

    May 4 Site Recommended
    to National Register of Historic Places

    Members of the Ohio Historic Site Preservation Advisory Board voted Dec. 4, 2009, to recommend that the nomination for the May 4, 1970, Kent State Shootings Site, along with four other properties in Ohio, be forwarded to the Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places for consideration. If the Keeper agrees that the properties meet the criteria for listing, they will be added to the National Register of Historic Places. Decisions from the Keeper on all five nominations are expected in about 90 days.

    “What happened here at Kent State was historic, and it’s only appropriate that it receives this special designation,” said Kent State University President Lester A. Lefton. “The National Register recognizes those places that are significant in American history and culture, and the May 4 site definitely qualifies for this recognition.”

    “The historic register application was resoundingly approved in Columbus,” said Laura Davis, an English professor at Kent State and one of the four co-authors of the application to make the site listed on the National Register of Historic Places. “The review board made a point of noting the unanimous vote. Their response was remarkably emotional and sincere.” :: 12/4/09

    What if you knew her
    and found her dead on the ground?

    Allison Krause with her boyfriend, Barry Levine, not long before they were shot and she was killed at Kent State.

    Read Laurel Krause's moving remembrance of her sister and her call for the creation of Four Days In May, the Kent State Truth Tribunal, a collaborative, multimedia, sharing event to dialog, document, discover and uncover the truth in the events leading to the killing of four students and wounding of nine at the Kent State, by clicking HERE.

    Terry Norman and the Mystery Pistol
    This photo appeared in the Daily Kent Stater in 1972.

    The cutline reads: One of the unanswered questions of May 4, 1970 is the identity of student photographer Terry Norman (shown in foreground with back to camera). Rumored to have been hired by the FBI and the campus police, he appears to have been illegally armed with a pistol. Conflicting accounts of his whereabouts and actions at the time of the shootings have yet to be satisfactorily answered.

    For more on Terry Norman, click here, here, here, here and here.

    After 39 Years, Events Surrounding
    Kent State Shootings Still Remain Unresolved
    Thirty-nine years ago this week, National Guardsmen opened fire on hundreds of unarmed students at an antiwar rally at Kent State University in Ohio, killing four and injuring nine. For the massacre’s survivors, the events surrounding the shootings remain unresolved. We speak to Alan Canfora, who was shot during the massacre, and his sister Roseann Canfora, who witnessed the attack. [Transcript]
    ::Democracy Now 5/7/09

    2009 Commemoration Headlines

    Mary Ann Vecchio and photographer John Filo pose after their talk during the annual May 4 commemoration on the Kent State University campus on Monday in Kent. [Paul Tople/Akron Beacon Journal]

    Filo and Vecchio return to KSU
    Inextricably linked by the annals of history for the past 39 years, Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer John Filo and his subject, Mary Vecchio, were reunited Tuesday at Kent State University.

    I thought I had ruined her life. It took me 25 years before I could talk to her.
    --John Filo

    The last time he saw her on the campus was through the lens of his camera as he took his historic picture on May 4, 1970, after the shootings on campus that left four dead and nine wounded.

    Filo, then a senior photojournalism major, is now photography director for CBS in New York. Vecchio, then a 14-year-old runaway from Florida, is a respiratory therapist in Florida.

    The two were the featured speakers at Monday afternoon's 39th commemoration of the May 4 shootings. The two-hour program on the Kent State Commons, the site of the student demonstrations, was organized by the May 4th Task Force. It was the culmination of events that began Sunday night with a march and candlelight vigil in the parking lot next to Taylor Hall, where the students were shot by National Guardsmen who fired 87 shots in 13 seconds. [MORE]

  • Click here for photos.

  • ::Akron Beacon Journal 5/5/09

  • Voices from yesterday's May 4 commemoration ceremony
  • 'Today is part of of the healing process'

    Students, faculty and community members lit candles and walked the campus last night in remembrance of the events of May 4, 1970. The silent vigil walk began at the Victory Bell and ended at the sites of the deaths of the four students. Individuals will be standing vigil in half-hour shifts for the next 24 hours at the sites. [Jessica M. Kanalas | Daily Kent Stater]

    May 4th interview
  • Alan Frank: 'I thought, 'OK, I'm going to die today,' and that was it.'
  • Saturday's block parties a far cry from College Fest
  • Parties remain peaceful Police patrols increased in Kent, few are arrested
  • KSU lives, learns after May 4, 1970
  • Remembering the past, shaping the future
  • Reflections on the Kent State massacre
  • Kent State victim might’ve been a Cavs’ fan if he’d lived
  • Kent State marks anniversary of 1970 shootings
  • The Kent Shootings
  • 'I was in the army, so I knew right away that they were shooting real bullets.'
  • 'Every day I see where it happened, and I was six feet from Allison when she was hit.'

  • May 4th Visitor Center In Progress

    By Aubrey Haskins,

    May 4th Visitor Center In Progress
    WATCH a video about the new May 4 visitor center. It's been 39 years since May 4, 1970, and Kent State is finally in the process of planning the center in the space once occupied by the Daily Kent Stater in Taylor Hall.

    Author William A. Gordon offers a contrary view here.

    Click HERE for full documentary.

    More archive videos, click here.

  • WWWMAY 4


    ONLINE EXTRA! The Downing Street "Memo"

    2005 Schedule
    Archives No. 1
    Archives No. 2
    Archives No. 3

    See interviews from the film, "13 Seconds: The Day the War Came Home." An Emmy Award-winning documentary.
  • Guardsman and students remember the sequence of events that led to the shootings.
  • One of the shootings is described by a former Kent State student and the guardsman involved.

  • Does the Pentagon have your child's number? Click here to learn more.
    Click Here.

    FBI REPORT: 1146 Pages

    Oral History of May 4, 1970

    May 4 Collection KSU Libraries and Media Services Department of Special Collections and Archives

    America Kills Its Children

    What Really Happened at Kent State?

    Kent State Forever Linked With Vietnam War Era

    What The Nation Learned at Kent State In 1970

    TIME: At War With War

    MAYDAY: Kent State The Movie

    Vietnam War Links: College Protests

    of the manipulated Mary Ann Vecchio photo has been solved. Click HERE.

    retells the story of May 4 in his syndicated comic strip "Crankshaft." Click HERE.

    The May 4 Shootings at Kent State University: The Search for Historical Accuracy
    by Jerry M. Lewis and Thomas R. Hensley

    My Son Died at Kent State
    by Elaine Holstein

    This Is Not What It Sounds Like On TV
    by Carol Mirman

    The Shooting at Kent State
    by Tom Grace

    Kent State Seen Through Peggy Wade's Eyes
    by Christine Gillette

    The Real Heroes Were Soldiers Who Organized Against The War
    by Mike Alewitz

    The '60s May Be History, But Student Activism Lives On
    by Stephanie Brenowitz

    Remembering Kent State
    by Bill Walsh

    Photographer John Filo recalls Day Protest turned to Tragedy
    by Jean Patman

    Of Loss and Learning: Haunting Reminders of Kent State Deaths

    by Staff of the Akron Beacon Journal

    Alan Canfora speech text, Kent State, May 4, 2004
    by Alan Canfora

    Kent State Shootings Shocked Viet Vet
    by Larry L. Rose

    "Peace-Loving" Protesters: Kent State Revisited
    by Steve Farrell

    "Good American" Revisionism
    by David Kirby

    "I Felt Shocked and a Little cared"
    by John and Joan Enos

    May 4, 1970: Four Children Dead
    An interview with Thomas Slomba by K. Smith

    Four Dead in Ohio: The Kent State Massacre
    An interview with Mile Alewitz by Tim Vance

    "Now Is the Time of the Furnaces, and Only Light Should Be Seen"
    by Kent Students for a Democratic Society

    It Couldn t Go On Like This
    by Jim Vacarella

    Students From Then and Now Pass On Painful Lessons of Kent State
    by Frances X. Clines

    Survivors Mark Kent State Shootings
    by Amy Beth Graves

    Proof to Save the Guardsmen
    by Alan Stang

    Military Men Never Lie?
    by Justin Stine

    Memorial Situation Saddening
    by Justin Stine

    Peaceful Rally Ends Fatally
    by Justin Stine

    Kent State's Commemorations Not Relevant to May 4
    by William A. Gordon

    Prentice Parking Lot Markers a Long Time Coming
    by Justin Stine

    Guardsmen May Have Lied About Reasons for Shooting
    by Justin Stine

    'Flowers Are Better Than Bullets'
    by Justin Stine

    Student Killed on Parents' Anniversary
    by Justin Stine

    Remembering the Life of a Victim
    by Justin Stine

    Shots Took Life of All-American Student
    by Justin Stine

    Your Campus in 1970
    by Justin Stine

    Students Must Realize May 4 Importance
    by Justin Stine

    Who Spoke Up?
    by Nancy Zaroulis and Gerald Sullivan

    The Politics of Public Memory at Kent State, 1970-2001
    by Jutta Weldes and Mark Laffey

    Socialist view: The spark that set it off
    by Sherry Wolf and Mike Alewitz

    Conservative view: Who REALLY Was Responsible for the Shootings?
    by Barclay D. McMillen and William Armstrong

    Commentary, Memories, eyewitness accounts of May 4, 1970
  • Ralph Solonitz: Meet you at the Victory Bell.
  • WKSU-FM: "Remembering Kent State, 1970" documentary.
  • Larry L. Rose: Kent State shootings shocked Viet vet.
  • Richard Zitrin: 30 Years Later, the Pain of Kent State Remains.
  • Alan King: Four dead in Ohio: Memories of Kent State.
  • CNN: Remembering Kent State. (Includes Audio and Video)
  • Digital Journalist: Bitter Passage: Kent State and the Fall of Saigon.
  • Howard Ruffner: Eyewitness: Photos and RealAudio.
  • Marianne Fulton: Observances. (Includes photos and links)
  • Oral Histories: Three Eyewitnesses With RealAudio.
  • Chron. of Higher Educ.: Student Journalists of 1970 Return to Kent State 30 Years After.
  • Columbus Dispatch: Kent State photos freeze tragedy in time.
    :: List Continually Updated

    Audio Reports
  • 30th anniversary of Kent State killings -- Pacifica Radio - May 04, 2000, 10:11 PM
  • Kent State remembered -- All Things Considered/NPR - May 04, 2000, 10:21 PM
  • Remembering Kent State After 30 Years -- NPR. - May 04, 2000, 1:13 PM :: List Continually Updated

    Also of Interest:
    What Kent State's Memorial Lacks
    By William A. Gordon


    Books about
    KSU, or by
    May 4 authors

    "13 Seconds"
    [includes DVD]

    "The Kent State Tragedy"

    "I Was There"

    "Killings at Kent State"

    "13 seconds: Confrontation at Kent State"

    "Kent State and May 4th: A Social Science Perspective"

    cover "Hippies"

    "Four Dead
    in Ohio"

    "The Kent State Coverup"

    "From Camelot to Kent State : The Sixties..."

    "Kent State/May 4"

    "The Kent State Incident: Impact of..."


  • Fire in the Streets: America in the 1960s
  • Truth About Kent State
  • The Report of the President's Commission on Campus Unrest
  • Mayday, Kent State
  • Thirteen Seconds: Confrontation at Kent State
  • Click Here
    For More
    Books About
    Kent State

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    In Association with


    Protest Songs

  • Ohio, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young
  • Fixin to Die Rag,(short) Country Joe and the Fish
  • Fixin to Die Rag, Country Joe and the Fish
  • Fortunate Son, Creedence Clearwater Revival
  • War,(short) Edwin Starr
  • War, Edwin Starr
  • Masters of War, Bob Dylan
  • The Times, They Are a-Changin', Bob Dylan
  • Revolution, The Beatles
  • More Music of the Time

    Pro-War Songs
  • The Green Beret, Barry Sadler

    Images of War
  • RealAudio Slideshow

    May 4 Photos

    Paul Tople's May 4 Portfolio

  • View the photos

  • Alan Canfora's May 4 site
  • Kent May 4 Center
  • Prof. J. Gregory Payne's
  • CyBURR 1990
  • CyBURR 1995
  • CyBURR 2000
  • Iowa State e-Library Archive
  • May 4 on TV (2000)
  • May4.Net
  • May 4 30-Years Later
  • May 4 Library Archives
  • Mike & Kendra's May 4 site
  • Kent May 4 Center
  • May 4th Task Force
  • Kent State Anti-War Committee

    Vietnam Specials
  • Wellesley College Vietnam War Links
  • Head-Royce School Vietnam War Links
  • "Vietnam: An Elusive Peace"

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    Read the DKS daily on the Internet
  • The Daily Kent Stater, Kent State s student-run newspaper, is available on the Web.

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  • TV2, Kent State s student-run television station, offers nightly broadcasts on the Web. The 5:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. broadcasts can be viewed after 10 p.m., eastern time.

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  • WKSU-FM, the Kent State University broadcast service featuring NPR News and classical music, ranked as the number 15 Internet Broadcaster with 72,501 hours of Total Time Spent Listening (TTSL) for the week of January 12, 2004 according to Arbitron Internet Broadcast Ratings. Click here for Corey Deitz on Radio.

    Listen live to WKSR on the Internet

  • WKSR-AM is the student-run radio station on Kent State's main campus. The station broadcasts on the university's cable TV network and on the internet.

    The Gray Lady undressed
  • Who owns the title of "The Guy Who Exposed Jayson Blair?" In this corner is Howard Kurtz, noted media critic for the Washington Post. In the other is Mike Gardner, not-so-noted cub reporter for the Daily Kent Stater. "For the record, Mr. Kurtz did not break the Jayson Blair story; Mike Gardner of the Daily Kent Stater did."
    Cleveland Scene 9/07/03

    Jeff Fruit, who heads the journalism and mass media program at Kent State University, stands at the entrance of Franklin Hall, the future home of the program. [Ed Suba Jr. / Akron Beacon Journal] Media majors will get new home
  • Kent State to renovate venerable Franklin Hall. Officials hope School of Journalism and Mass Communication can move to North Campus, university's oldest section, by 2007. [MORE]
    Akron beacon Journal 6/9/05
  • The 80-year-old Franklin Hall will get an approximately $21.5 million face-lift. [MORE]
    Summer Stater 6/15/05

    Renovations to begin in Franklin Hall as JMC prepares for relocation

  • Earlier: The reconstruction of Franklin Hall is under way. Faculty and architects are in the planning stages of the project that will create a new building for the School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
    Daily Kent Stater 9/24/03

    Franklin Hall renovations create JMC's future home
  • Earlier: The School of Journalism and Mass Communication will have a little more leg room in the future. Regardless of how much money the state gives, the school is moving forward with the Franklin Hall renovations, which will be complete no later than Fall 2007.
    Daily Kent Stater 11/18/04

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  • BREAKING NEWS Police Fire Rubber Bullets
    at Off-Campus Rioters

    Cartoonist Chuck Ayers remembers May 4
    Chuck Ayers A former editorial cartoonist for the Daily Kent Stater and Akron Beacon Journal, now one of the authors of the comic strip Crankshaft, Ayers relates his memories from when he was an undergraduate student at Kent State University from 1966-1971. Ayers interprets what happened on May 4, 1970, as well as events that occurred both leading up and following the shootings. He discusses several photographs he took on those early days in May, his role as an eyewitness for the Beacon Journal, and being interviewed by the FBI.

    An Oral History: At one point, I had my camera up. I remember panning across--a little 35mm camera--panning across the line of Guardsmen. Somewhere in the line, I can't even tell you where it was, although I think it was close to the front of the line facing the Prentice parking lot, I saw one of the guys pull his arm into the air--I can't tell you if it was right or left handed, because I've heard all the debates about that since then--and saw the arm recoil like that, and heard this pop. And I talked to several friends right after that and I said, "God, can you believe this guy is shooting in the air?" And they said, "What are you talking about?" These were people that were standing right next to me. It was in my viewfinder. That's why I saw it. If you weren't looking exactly there you probably wouldn't have noticed it, and there was so much noise that if I hadn't seen that, that pop probably would never have registered to me as a gunshot. There are rocks hitting pavement, there are people all around, there's yelling, there are people dropping books on the ground. Not like they're running or anything, but when people are standing there, you put your books down like that and stand and watch. There's a lot of noise. But I saw that and I just thought, That's even stupider. That just provokes people.

    It wasn't long after that that I noticed that this straight line suddenly turned like this, at a right angle, with several Guardsmen facing the parking lot. They knelt down on one knee, they took the rifles and aimed into the crowd. ... " [MORE]

    ::Oral History Project, KSU Archives

    2009 Commemoration Plans

    The 39th annual commemoration of the May 4, 1970 Kent State tragedy will be noon, outdoors on the KSU Commons. You can hear invited guest participants/speakers, including:

    May 4 eyewitness Mary Ann Vecchio; Pulitzer-prize winning photographer John Filo; Laurel Krause, sister of Allison Krause; 1969 Ann Arbor White Panther leader Pun Plamundon; May 4 casualty Alan Canfora; 1970 eyewitness Steve Drucker; May 4 eyewitness Chic Canfora & other speakers & musicians.

    May 3 evening events:
    7 p.m.: Kiva, Student Center, POETRY readings.
    11 p.m.: CANDLIGHT MARCH departs KSU Commons.
    CANDLELIGHT VIGIL all night long: sign up with M4TF students to reserve your 30-minute vigil spot.

    For more information, contact the May 4 Task Force students:

    For the 2009 May 4 Symposium sponsored by the KSU administration:

    Finally, KSU is planning a new May 4 Site Visitor's Center in Taylor Hall:

    All events are free and open to the public. In case of rain, May 4 Commemoration will be held in the KSU Student Center Ballroom.

    FBI Slams Door on New May 4 Probe
    ... 'We consider this matter closed.'

    Click LETTER to enlarge.

    Terry Norman

  • Reporter Janis Froelich tracks down the
    elusive Terry Norman

  • Did Terry Norman start the Kent State shootings?
  • Was Terry Norman an FBI spy who touched off the shooting?
  • How can you run when you know?

    Robby Stamps, 57, plagued by stigma of 1970 KSU shootings
    Robby Stamps Robert "Robby" Stamps, one of nine students wounded during the May 4, 1970 shootings at Kent State University, died in Tallahassee, Fla. Wednesday night, according to a fellow survivor.

    Alan Canfora, also wounded that day, said Stamps, 57, was suffering from the effects of Lyme disease and had come down with pneumonia.

    "I just spoke with him last month, in May," Canfora said Thursday night. "He sounded like he felt stronger than in the last year or two." Canfora said Stamps always suspected he was bitten by a deer tick at Mohican State Forest in Ohio during a retreat for the May 4 Task Force, which he and Canfora helped found in 1975.

    Taken to Robinson Memorial Hospital in Ravenna following the shootings, Canfora said the first time he met Stamps was when the two shared a hospital room " Canfora sitting with a gunshot wound to his wrist and Stamps laying facedown with a hip wound. Canfora said the last time Stamps attended May 4 events was at the invitation of KSU President Emeritus Carol Cartwright in 2000. He said Stamps was "talking about coming up and visiting Ohio" as late as last month. [MORE]

    ::Record Courier 6/13/08

    2008 Commemoration Headlines

    Dean Kahler at home.

    HOW DEAN KAHLER'S LIFE CHANGED: On May 4, 1970, Ohio National Guard troops fired on a crowd of demonstrators and bystanders on the campus of Kent State University. Four Kent State students were killed and nine injured. For Dean Kahler, a twenty-year old Kent State undergraduate in 1970, that day in May would change his life forever, he was shot in the lower back and left paralyzed. Kahler is photographed outside his home in East Canton, Ohio. David Alan Foster | Daily Kent Stater

    Healing After a Tragedy
    Dean Kahler woke up that sunny Monday morning and decided not to go to his 7:45 a.m. class. He saw Ohio National Guard searching people and decided he didn't want to deal with that hassle. He called his professors to let them know he wouldn't be attending class.

    "Be safe," they told him. "Don't get too close." [Click for MORE], 05/02/08

  • New Orleans-style funeral parade Sunday in Kent

    38 years later, Kent State still goes unanswered
    Tomorrow is another May 4, a meaningless date for most of you. I'm a Kent Stater '71 and remember the day with bursts of memories.

    Four young people — our people — were killed and nine wounded on the sunny spring day in 1970. It ended so darkly, we're still trying to find our way out of it. [Click for MORE], 05/03/08

    KSU shootings left impact on future coaches Pinkel, Saban
    The memories will come back to them today.

    The news flashes. The sirens. The chaos and confusion. The dead.

    “It’s something that’ll be with you forever,” said Missouri football coach Gary Pinkel. “There’s not a May 4 that hasn’t gone by where I don’t think about it. I vividly go through everything in my mind. It’ll forever have an effect on me.”[Click for MORE], 05/03/08

    May 4: A doubly historic day for KSU
    Today is a red-letter day of sorts for Kent State University.

    The events of May 4, 1970, earned Kent a place in American history when four students were killed and nine others were wounded by Ohio National Guardsmen during a campus anti-war rally.

    But May 4 also is the anniversary of another event that could have changed the course of history for Kent State.

    Seventy-five years ago today, on May 4, 1933, a delegation of Ohio legislators toured the campus on a mission that, had it succeeded, could have spelled the end of higher education in Kent.

    The committee, headed by State Rep. William Foss, was looking for a possible location for a state insane asylum. And, for awhile at least, it looked like Kent might be the perfect place for it.[Click for MORE], 05/04/08

    Remembering Kent State shooting victims
    Click for photo gallery The shooting deaths 38 years ago of four Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard need to be seen as a gift, ''a lesson'' to the entire United States, a former United Nations weapons inspector said yesterday.

    But if the May 4 commemoration continues to have low attendance (the event was attended by about 400 people) and Americans refuse to read and understand their U.S. Constitution, then those lost lives will have been for nothing, keynote speaker Scott Ritter said. [Click for MORE]

  • Click photo for Beacon Journal photo gallery.
  •, 05/05/08

    Kent police arrest four in bridge protest
    You could call it the bridge over troubled protesters.

    Kent police arrested four protesters who were part of a group of about 200 who blocked the West Main Street bridge for about an hour late Sunday afternoon.

    The group was taking part in a scheduled march from Kent State University into the town as part of the May 4 commemoration of the campus shootings of protesters 38 years ago. [Click for MORE], 05/05/08

    Anniversary of Kent State shootings brings back solemn memories
    May 4, 1970: "Ohio National Guard Kills 4 Kent State Demonstrators," screamed headlines. Whenever May 4 approaches, my mind is drawn to that Monday many years ago. It is a day I will not -- cannot -- forget. [Click for MORE], 05/10/08


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    38th Annual Commemoration

    From the May 4th Task Force

    38th Commemoration logo May 3rd, 2008

    6:00 pm, KIVA
    Including poetry reading by May 4th Poetry Contest winners

    7:00 pm, KIVA
    Movie: Born on the Fourth of July
    Followed by a Q&A with Ron Kovic, inspiration and main character for the movie based on his autobiography of the same name.

    11:00 pm - Midnight, COMMONS
    Silent candlelight march
    Leaves from the Commons and ends in Prentice Hall parking lot.
    Route is both wheelchair and stroller accessible. Approx. 1.3 miles long.

    May 4th, 2008

    Midnight - 12:24 pm, PRENTICE HALL PARKING LOT
    Silent Candlelight Vigil
    Total silence requested in the parking to respect those who are standing vigil in the reserved spaces.
    Vigil spots are in 30-minute increments and can be reserved through the May 4th Task Force.

    10:00 am - 5:00 pm, COMMONS
    Eyes Wide Open Ohio
    Display by American Friends Service Committee

    11:00 am - Noon, COMMONS
    Tropidelic performance

    Noon - 2:30 pm, COMMONS (Rain Location: KSU Ballroom)
    May 4th 38th Annual Commemoration Program,
    "Where Does It End?"


  • Scott Ritter former UN weapons inspector and peace activist

    Other Speakers Include:

  • Dean Kahler
    Wounded at Kent State on May 4, 1970.
  • Ron Kovic
    Vietnam veteran and Kent State shootings activist.
  • Emily Kunstler
    Daughter of Bill Kunstler, lawyer for May 4th families.
  • Joe Lewis
    Wounded at Kent State on May 4, 1970 speaking in memory of Jim Russell, also wounded at on Kent State May 4, 1970.

    All above May 3rd and 4th programs paid for by the Undergraduate Student Senate

    NOTE: Following the main commemoration program there will be a performance by Kent State alum Daniel Cohen performing as MC Translation and an anti-war march sponsored by KSAWC and Portage Peace.

  • Why there's no Symposium on Democracy this year
  • Jackson State to hold annual memorial for slain students

    Kent State JMC Alumni Reunion, May 23-24
    This page originated in 2000 with a reunion of journalism students who covered the events of May 4, 1970.

    Now, Kent State is holding an Alumni Reunion Friday, May 23 and Saturday, May 24.

    The Alumni Reception will be held Friday from 5 - 7 p.m. Hors d’oeuvres will be served and a cash bar will be provided. During this time, a book-signing will be offered as well as Franklin Hall tours. Franklin Hall is the new home of The Daily Kent Stater, The Burr, WKSU (now called Black Squirrel Radio)and TV-2. The cost for the reception is $10. At 7 p.m., journalism and broadcast alumni reunite with classmates at Ray’s Place downtown and enjoy food and drinks.

    The Social Media: Student for a Day event will be held Saturday, May 24. The cost of the event is $20. From 8 - 9 a.m., a continental breakfast will be offered and from 9:15 -- 11:45 a.m., participants can attend social media sessions. At noon, lunch, featuring a panel discussion of JMC Pulitzer Prize winners, will take place. Campus tours will be given at 2 p.m.

    Please R.S.V.P. to or call 330-672-8281 by May 14. For more information about the Alumni Reunion, visit

    Juan Williams to Address Democracy Issues, April 30
    One of the nation’s leading journalists and political analysts, Juan Williams, will speak at Kent State University April 30. Williams will address changing societal, educational and economic issues in the tradition of the university’s ongoing academic study of the rights and responsibilities of living in a democracy.

    The university also announced the academic democracy symposium for spring of 2009, with the general theme of “media, memory and history.”

    Williams’ speech will be held at 1 p.m. on Wednesday, April 30, in the Kiva of the Kent Campus Student Center. His speech, The Changing Face of America, will explore the effects of the powerful mix of money, race and aging in the new century.

    This major address is another in the university-sponsored series of annual discussions of issues relevant to the university community and nation. Since 2000, these events – including democracy symposia, speakers, and other academic activities – have served as a prelude to student-sponsored commemoration activities of May 3-4. Click for DETAILS.

    ::KSU News Service

    What Do You Know
    About the Other College Shooting?

    Films Revisit Overlooked Shootings on a Black Campus
    Two years before the deadly Kent State shootings, state troopers opened fire on a student protest on the campus of South Carolina State College. Three people died, and 28 were wounded.

    The incident, which became known as “the Orangeburg Massacre,” never pierced the nation’s collective memory of the 1960s, and academics and survivors say that one reason was shoddy, racially biased press coverage: those killed were black.

    But new media coverage may give the shootings their historical due, and some scholars and survivors hope it might also nudge South Carolina legislators to open a state investigation of the 40-year-old tragedy, which never received such scrutiny. [MORE]

    Shootings by state troopers that killed three at South Carolina State College in 1968, are receiving attention in two TV films.

    BEFORE KENT STATE: Shootings by state troopers that killed three at South Carolina State College in 1968, above, are receiving attention in two TV films.

    ::New York Times 4/16/08

    KSU Remembers Virginia Tech Anniversary

    Protests and memorials on Ohio college campuses on Wednesday marked the one-year anniversary of the Virginia Tech massacre in which a disturbed gunman killed 32 students and himself.

    Shortly after noon, a group of University of Toledo students and faculty members lay down on the steps of the Student Union for three minutes, signifying how long it takes for a dangerous person to buy a gun at an unregulated gun show. Most demonstrators wore black and draped bright red scarves around their necks.

    Similar "lie-in" demonstrations for tougher gun laws were planned at Ohio State University, Kent State, Oberlin College and in Cincinnati, as well as at other sites around the nation including the U.S. Supreme Court. [MORE] 8/16/08

    Audio/Video Documentary:
    Four Dead in Ohio: 36th Anniversary of Kent State Shootings

    Listen to Segment || Download Show mp3      
    Watch 128k stream       Watch 256k stream
          Read Transcript


    Click HERE for video of press conference announcing release of 'Get Set! Point! Fire!' audiotape.

    CNN ABC News May 4, 1970
    AP News David Crosby Don Henley
    The Year That Trembled May 4th 2003 Dean Kahler
    The Day the War Came Home Symposium on Democracy 2001 Nixon and Vietnam
    German film Student film Student film
    Silent film, May 3, 1970 Student film 1970
    Please click on each image.

  • Click for Our Generation Podcast: Kent State

    How It Was: Death at Kent State
    Tuesday, March 11, 2008, check your listings for local times.

    National Geographic Channel On May 4th 1970, American soldiers shot down American students on American soil. Ever since, people have argued over who was to blame the protesting students at Kent State University or the National Guardsmen brought in to restore order on campus. By stripping away the rhetoric and dissecting the available evidence, National Geographic Channels How it Was: Death at Kent State casts a dispassionate eye on this national tragedy. The wealth of raw data generated by the event includes still photographs, news film footage, home movies, audio recordings and riveting testimony from key participants on both sides including the first television interview with one of the indicted National Guardsmen. This is Kent State as you've never seen it before.

    Tent City at site of gym annex.

    TENT CITY 1977: Students set up tents and camped on Blanket Hill. A great sense of community and camaraderie developed over the two months. Campers cooked together and there were even several marriages.

    Thirty years ago, trustees and protesters
    faced off over the Gym Annex construction

    Protesters climb through the fence around the gym site in 1977. Thirty years ago this summer, Kent State was embroiled in a controversy that had students pitted against university officials and culminated in 193 arrests.

    This summer marks the 30th anniversary of the Gym Annex controversy or "Tent City," when students camped out for two months in 1977 to protest building an addition to the Memorial Gym on part of the May 4 site.[MORE]

    ::Summer Kent Stater 8/14/07

    Jim Russell, May 3, 2007 at Kent State

    ANOTHER KSU DEATH: Jim Russell was a senior art major at Kent State when he was shot on May 4 1970. Russell spoke at a meet and greet in the May 4 reading room at the Kent State University Library May 3, 2007 in Kent, Ohio. The oldest of the nine students shot and injured during the 1970 demonstrations, he became the first of the survivors to die June 23, 2007.[Photo copyright Pat Jarrett]

    James Russell, 60, was survivor
    of KSU shootings who shed anonymity

    Jim Russell James Russell, the oldest of the nine students shot and injured during May 4, 1970, demonstrations at Kent State University, became the first of the survivors to die Saturday.

    Russell, 60, died at his Deer Island, Ore., home of an apparent heart attack.

    Russell, who converted his art training at Kent into a string of civil engineering jobs, had returned several times to the Kent State campus for remembrances of the shootings. Four students were killed when the National Guard opened fire on students protesting the Vietnam War and nine others were wounded.

    Russell was shot in the leg and forehead. Friends and family say he had participated in other protests in Kent in the previous few days but had just paused to watch May 4 on the way to turn in an art project.

    "We are living proof that we were targets that day," he said at the 2002 campus ceremony. "All of us were targets." [MORE]

    ::Cleveland Plain Dealer 6/26/07

  • The long road back from Kent State
  • DKS: Student wounded on May 4 dies at 60

    Yale slams door on May 4 Archive
    The prospect of finding a permanent, academic home for in-depth, personal documents from a deceased Kent State University president remains at a stalemate.

    Yale University alumnus Paul Keane tried unsuccessfully earlier this year to pursuade Yale to open the now closed Kent State special archives collection and accept the personal papers of former KSU President Glenn Olds. Keane issued numerous letters and e-mails to Yale University President Richard C. Levin without response until last week. [MORE]

    ::Record-Courier 6/26/07

  • Yale offered more papers on Kent State
  • Home sought for KSU President's papers
  • Yale not adding to May 4 artifacts

    Dan Rather on HD Net

    DAN RATHER INTERVIEWS PROF. JERRY LEWIS: “Long after the names of the battles and the generals are forgotten, we remember wars through their images. During the Vietnam War, those images reverberate in a stark symmetry. There were the images from over there -– young G.I.’s in dense jungle firefights with the determined Vietcong and North Vietnamese, and then there were the images from over here -– young students in massive college campus protests clashing with national guardsmen.” [Click for TRANSCRIPT]

    Jerry Lewis on HD Net

    Crowd on lawn by new Stopher and Johnson Halls

    COMMEMORATION AFTERNOON: Students and guests listen to May 4 speeches on slope above the Commons. Behind them are the new Stopher and Johnson Halls which replaced older residence halls of the same names. [Harold Greenberg photo]

    The lethal media silence on Kent State's smoking guns
    The 1970 killings by National Guardsmen of four students during a peaceful anti-war demonstration at Kent State University have now been shown to be cold-blooded, premeditated official murder. But the definitive proof of this monumental historic reality is not, apparently, worthy of significant analysis or comment in today's mainstream media. [MORE] 5/06/07

    Crowded Stater office

    FINAL EDITION: Student reporters and editors covering the May 4 Commemoration crowd the Taylor Hall office of the Daily Kent Stater. The facility overlooking the Commons has been home to the student newspaper since the mid-1960s. The paper and internet operation will be moving to new converged facilities with WKSU and TV-2 in Franklin Hall. [Harold Greenberg photo]

    May 4 Coverage in the Daily Kent Stater:

    Peace talks
    Sheehan asks students to combat war through non-violent means

    On May 4, 1970, 12-year-old Cindy Sheehan could not understand why the National Guard killed four students at Kent State. "I remember the photos from here," Sheehan said Friday to a crowd gathered on Blanket Hill. "I couldn't understand why our people would kill our own.

    Memories from May 4
    For every student on campus, the events of May 4 were a different experience. Thirty-seven years later, a few decided to share their memories. Five people. Five angles. Five memories. One day: May 4, 1970. Laura Davis Associate Provost Laura Davis remembers May 4, 1970 as a day of earnest demonstration, both against the war and the presence of the National Guard.

    MULTIMEDIA: May 4 Slideshow

    Empty combat boots represent fallen Ohioans
    Among the daffodils on the hill in front of the May 4 Memorial, 161 pairs of boots were displayed Friday to represent the Ohioans who have died in the Iraq war. Each pair of boots had a tag with the soldier's photograph, name, rank and hometown. The American Friends Service Committee, a Quaker-based non-profit organization, brought its "Eyes Wide Open Ohio" exhibit to Kent State.

    Task Force rings bell for Va. Tech
    When Sarah Lund-Goldstein, a member of the May 4 Task Force, heard about the Virginia Tech shootings, she knew she wanted to do something. To honor the victims, she came up with the idea of ringing Kent State's Victory Bell on the Commons. On Friday morning, students and community members gathered as Lund-Goldstein rang the bell 32 times.

    U.S. Representative calls for change
    One of Congress' most vocal critics of the Iraq war took the stage at Friday's May 4 Commemoration, calling for a change in American foreign policy and urging the American people to take action against the war in Iraq. "On May 4, 1970, a place whose mission is to create became a place of destruction.

    An interview with the outspoken Noam Chomsky
    Since the start of the Vietnam War, Noam Chomsky, an emeritus Institute Professor and Professor of Linguistics at MIT, has become increasingly popular with time. By 1992, the Arts and Humanities Citation Index declared him the most cited living person and the eighth most cited person of all time.

    After son's death in Iraq, mother starts organization to end war
    Rosemary Palmer, whose son, Edward "Augie" Schroeder, was killed in Iraq in August 2005, said Americans have a job to do: Take action to end the Iraq War and "as soon as possible, bring our soldiers home." "Every violent death tears a hole in the soul of the universe," she said.

    Political activist: Multiple avenues of activism the way to stop war in Iraq
    Political activist Tom Hayden said the time has come to "apply memory to the future" because the "past is a resource to understand where we're going." "The struggle for memories is a very important one for the beginning and end of any social movement," he said.

    Kent Police Department has a peaceful May 4 weekend
    It was a quiet weekend for the Kent Police Department with few arrests occurring. Though official numbers were not available at press time, Lt. Jayme Cole said there were about nine arrests Saturday night. "There were extra officers on staff, but there weren't any major problems," Cole said.

    2007 Commemoration Headlines

    Crowd on the Commons

    CROWD ON THE COMMONS: Students dance to music from a local band near the main stage at the Rembrance Day gathering. [WKSU photo]

    Victory Bell

    BELL TOLLS FOR VIRGINIA TECH: Kent State's Victory Bell rang 32 times at 9:45 a.m. May 1 in memory of those killed by a gunman last month in Blacksburg, Virginia. [WKSU photo]

    Kent State ceremony honors Virginia Tech victims

  • VIDEO: The bell rings out.
  • PHOTOS: Slideshow of historic images.
  • AUDIO: Hear the crowd and volley of shots.
  • RADIO: Renita Jablonski reports for WKSU.
  • RADIO: Daniel Hockensmith reports for WKSU.

    May 4th Task Force member Sarah Lund-Goldstein reflects on ringing KSU's Victory Bell in memory of those killed in the Virginia Tech massacre. [WKSU photo] The campus bell tolled Friday for two tragedies separated by a generation as Kent State memorialized its four dead at the hands of Ohio National Guardsmen and the 32 killed at Virginia Tech by a gunman.

    The Kent State Victory Bell rang 32 times at midmorning for last month's victims of the Virginia Tech shooter, who took his own life, then rang again at midday for the annual commemoration of the May 4, 1970, shootings at the Ohio college.

    The afternoon ceremony on the 37th anniversary of the Kent State shootings, which happened during a Vietnam-era war protest, had the feel of an anti-war rally as speakers denounced the U.S. war in Iraq and called for student activism to halt it.

    Victory bell.

    "This has got to be a peace movement," said anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan {photo, below right], who choked up as she recounted the death of her son in Iraq. "What an honor it is to be welcomed into the Kent State family."

    Fellow anti-war activist Tom Hayden urged students to lobby against the war.

    The Virginia Tech commemoration was scheduled to coincide with the time of the second of two fatal attacks there April 16.

    "I choked up. It's an emotional thing," said Sarah Lund-Goldstein [in photo], a Kent State senior and part of the campus group that organized the commemoration. "We feel it's very important to understand that a grieving campus is not just one from 37 years ago."

    A crowd estimated by police at 200 to 300 sat on a sun-drenched, grassy hillside and heard speakers memorialize the Kent State students.

    Mary Ann Vecchio, 51, of Miami, the subject of a Pulitzer Prize-winning photo showing her with arms outstretched over the body of shooting victim Jeffrey Miller, told the gathering her experience on the campus that the day in 1970 will always be with her.

    Cindy Sheehan[AP Photo/Jeff Glidden]

    "Time has passed. Time goes on. We miss you here today," she said, invoking Miller's memory. "I'll always be here at Kent for you."

    A survivor, Alan Canfora, said this week that an analysis of static-filled audio from the 1970 campus shootings revealed a military order to open fire. It has long been a mystery what prompted the 13 seconds of gunfire.

    After the shootings, the FBI concluded it could only speculate on whether an order was given to fire. One theory was that a Guardsman panicked or fired intentionally at a student and that others fired when they heard the shot. Eight Guardsmen were acquitted of federal civil rights charges.

    Canfora, 58, one of nine students wounded in the shooting, located the tape in Yale University's archives about the event. He has called for new federal and state investigations.

    ::Associated Press 5/04/07


  • Beacon Journal: Cindy Sheehan urges KSU crowd to 'a new revolution'
  • Assessor remembers Kent St. shootings
  • Editorial: A voice from the past
  • Connie Schultz: Kent State tape can't explain why
  • Mike Alewitz: What will it take this time?
  • Daily Kent Stater: Speakers remember May 4, promote change
  • Daily Kent Stater: Emotional letters rest in May 4 archives
  • Daily Kent Stater: Virginia Tech remembered amid May 4 services
  • William A. Gordon: Was there an order to fire? 37 years later, the essential May 4, 1970, question remains
  • Plain Dealer: May 4, 2007: Voices echo past war protests
  • Record-Courier: Speakers draw Iraq, Vietnam analogies
  • Beacon Journal: Peaceful march ends memorial
  • Newhouse News Service: Kent State wounded carry scars, but fight for change

    Victory Bell

    MARY ANN VECCHIO RETURNS: Tony Medwid, of Pittsburgh, receives an autograph from Mary Ann Vecchio, the young girl captured in the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of the May 4, 1970, shootings on the campus of Kent State University, Friday, May 4, 2007. Vecchio is signing an album which features an artist's rendering of the John Filo photograph which captured part of the event that left four students dead and nine wounded during anti-war protests in Kent, Ohio. [AP Photo/Jeff Glidden]

    Kent State marks 1970 shootings

    A pair of boots adorned with a photo of Sgt. Lane Tollett of Columbus, Ohio, sits at the base of the May 4, 1970, memorial on the campus of Kent State University Friday, May 4, 2007, as part of an anti-war display. Tollett was killed in Iraq Saturday, April 28, 2007, and anti-war protestors displayed 161 boots in honor of all Ohio soldiers killed in Iraq as part of the annual May 4 remembrance. [AP Photo/Jeff Glidden] Kent State University in Ohio Friday marked the 37th anniversary of the day National Guardsmen shot and killed four students during a Vietnam War protest.

    With anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan as the keynote speaker, events include a display of boots representing the number of lives lost in the Iraq War, the Daily Kent Stater reports.

    In addition, the university library opened for public viewing an archival collection of letters and other materials dealing with the events that left four students dead and nine wounded.

    Materials range from iconic photographs to the original FBI documents with J. Edgar Hoover's signature.

    One letter from a group of French students has the letter "X" in President Richard Nixon's name replaced with a Nazi swastika.

    Another written by Jonathan Pannor, 9, suggests the country would be better off without a National Guard.

    ::United Press International 5/04/07
    ::Photo: Associated Press 5/04/07

    Activist Hayden speaks at KSU

    Upon his introduction to a packed and excited Kiva audience at Kent State University Thursday, author and peace activist Tom Hayden mused about how his Web site,, was mentioned during his introduction. "They used to call me "Tom Hayden-dot-communist," he joked. [MORE]

    :: Record-Courier 5/04/07

    Kent State, Gov. Rhodes and the FBI
    Why Four Died in Ohio

    Ten days after Governor James A. Rhodes assumed office on January 14, 1963, a Cincinnati FBI agent wrote Director J. Edgar Hoover a memo stating:

    "At this moment he [Rhodes] is busier than a one-armed paper hanger . . . . Consequently, I do not plan to establish contact with him for a few months. We will have no problem with him whatsoever. He is completely controlled by an SAC [Special Agent in Charge] contact, and we have full assurances that anything we need will be made available promptly. Our experience proves this assertion."

    Why would the FBI assert that the newly-inaugurated governor of Ohio is "completely controlled"? Media sources like Life magazine noted the governor's alleged ties to organized crime and the Mafia in specific. [MORE]

    ::Counterpunch 5/04/07

    Shooting reunion

    REUNION: Victims wounded in the 1970 Kent State University shooting that killed four students are reunited during the dedication of an historic marker at the site of the shootings May 2, 2007, in Kent, Ohio. Shown, from left, are Mary Ann Vecchio, hand outstreached, Dean Kahler, center left, Alan Canfora center right, James Russell, background center, and Joseph Lewis, right hand outstretched. All, except Vecchio, who is the woman in the iconic image kneeling over slain student Jeffrey Miller, were shot. [AP Photo/The Plain Dealer, Lynn Ischay]

    Gere Goble
    Will we ever learn from Kent deaths?

    I am a graduate of Kent State University. I am proud of my alma mater. Over the years, I've recommended it very highly to a number of promising young high school journalists. I tell them about the great campus, the diverse student body, the dedicated professors. I tell them what a cool little city Kent is. I tell them where to find pizza and a place to shop.

    And if they ask, I tell them about May 4, 1970, when National Guardsmen fired into a crowd of students, killing four and injuring nine.

    When I was younger, people asked more often.

    The first time, it caught me off guard. As a college junior, I had a summer job at the paper in Marion, Ind. A reporter took me to meet the county commissioners -- three red-cheeked, beefy good old boys who greeted me very kindly and asked where I went to school. They expected to hear "Northwestern." I proudly answered "Kent State."

    Their faces went blank. "They still shootin' people?" one asked. [MORE]

    ::Mansfield News-Journal 4/27/07

    Shooting site

    MEMORIAL: Students walk past the site of the 1970 shootings at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. Alan Canfora and several other survivors of the May 4, 1970 shootings that killed four students, released an audio tape made by a student on that fateful day. [AP Photo/Tony Dejak]

    The May 4 tape
    Beyond the static and high-pitched sounds, what exactly?

    Many who witnessed the shootings at Kent State University 37 years ago recall a flank of National Guardsmen turning in unison and then firing into the crowd. Were the soldiers following orders? The question has haunted recollections of that tragic day, four young people shot dead.

    Now Alan Canfora has come forth with a copy of a tape recording (digitally enhanced), arguing the words ``Right here,'' ``Get set!'' ``Point!'' and ``Fire!'' can be heard. ``The evidence speaks for itself,'' Canfora declared this week. ``There was an order to fire.''

    The trouble is, amid the static and high-pitched sounds, little can be detected with any certainty, let alone clear commands. Perhaps an independent assessment, aided by new technology and short of the federal investigation Canfora has proposed, is the avenue to answering this lingering question, for completing a portion of the historical record.

    What should be recalled is how invested Canfora has become in that dreadful day, his penchant well-known for imagining conspiracies. Remember, too, that nothing of this kind has surfaced in all the examinations of the past, including court cases, though many have wondered about a silent command.

    All these years later, it would be most valuable to learn what led to the gunfire (beyond the carelessness of James Rhodes, then the Ohio governor). It is doubtful that Alan Canfora has heard the truth.

    ::Akron Beacon Journal 5/03/07

    Barry Rozner
    Kent State massacre left indelible mark on Stone

    Sandy Scheuer They are the phone calls that become the postholes in your life.

    They’re not simply life-altering moments, but an instant that makes every ring from that point forward cause you to pause and fear the voice on the other end.

    For Steve Stone, Friday will mark one of those indelible moments. It is the 37th anniversary of the Kent State shootings.

    “It was May 4, 1970, and I was in Amarillo, Texas, playing for the Giants in the minors, when the call came,’’ Stone recalls. “I remember the words ‘Sandy’s dead.’ That’s what I remember most.’’

    Sandy Scheuer was a “sweetheart’’ of Stone’s fraternity at Kent State, and the girlfriend of one of Stone’s buddies.

    She was one of 13 wounded and four killed by National Guardsmen during a Vietnam War protest which Stone almost certainly would have been at had he not graduated six weeks earlier and left the campus to resume his minor-league baseball career.

    “Her boyfriend was in jail for breaking curfew, but somebody in the apartment I lived in suggested that they go down and check out the demonstration,’’ Stone remembers. “As I heard the story later, there were guys on either side of Sandy, two of my frat brothers, but they were facing up the hill and toward the guards, and she was facing down the hill, and they shot her through back of her neck.

    “She never saw it, never knew it was coming. She was dead before she hit the ground. [MORE]

    ::Chicago Daily Herald 5/03/07

    May 4 marker dedicated
    State honors historic KSU site with plaque near Taylor Hall

    Historical marker Thirty-seven years after Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder were killed near the spot, a historical marker recalling the May 4, 1970 shootings at Kent State University that resulted in their deaths and the wounding of nine other students was officially dedicated Wednesday.

    The double-sided Ohio Historical Marker titled "Kent State University: May 4, 1970" was put in place recenlty in the shade of a tree between Taylor Hall, an academic building, and Prentice Hall, a dormitory. It was officially made a part of the KSU landscape Wednesday, with Tom Grace, Dean Kahler, Joe Lewis, Jim Russell and Alan Canfora, who were wounded in 1970, and numerous former and current KSU students, faculty and community members looking on.

    Dr. Kathy Stafford, vice president for university relations and a senior at KSU in 1970, helped lead the committee that applied for the marker. She said the drive to get it installed began with an "eloquent" letter in 2005 from Grace to then-KSU president Carol Cartwright, seeking a "more permanent narrative in a very prominent place at the site" of the shootings.

    Grace spoke Wednesday about how "Kent State not only belongs to Ohio but to the nation."

    "We can read this plaque to gain a better understanding of our history," Grace said.

    According to KSU President Lester Lefton, the marker "embraces the significance of how May 4 has seeped into the fabric of Kent State ... it brings to life the words inscribed on the May 4 memorial: Inquire. Learn. Reflect."

    He said May 4, 1970 holds a significant place in the history of the state, and has been the catalyst for change at the university, leading to a focus on civil discourse, a model for the teaching of tolerance and diversity.

    The marker contains information both on the buildup of the Vietnam War that led to protests, anti-war rallies and the burning of the campus ROTC building two days before the shootings.

    ::Record-Courier 5/03/07

  • May 4 wounded still carry scars, but fight for change

    Shooting site

    AT THE PAGODA: Two students walk toward the pagoda at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, Tuesday, May 1, 2007, past the spot where Ohio National Guard troops fired on student anti-war protestors on May 4, 1970. Survivors of a 1970 Ohio National Guard shooting that killed four Kent State students during an anti-war protest released a recently uncovered audio tape on Tuesday that they said clearly reflects a military order to fire on the demonstrators. [AP Photo/Tony Dejak]

    Kent State Shootings Audio Fuzzy To Some

    Not everyone who listened to a recording of the National Guard opening fire on students protesting the Vietnam war at Kent State heard the same thing.

    At a news conference in Kent, Ohio, Tuesday, Alan Canfora played a CD he said was copied from a reel-to-reel tape recorded by a student who placed a microphone out his dormitory window.

    A New York Times correspondent said although there was a lot of static, it was possible to hear someone shout "Point"; Canfora claims the full sequence says: "Right here. Get set. Point. Fire."

    The sound of 67 shots being fired over a 13-second period is then heard, during which four students were killed and nine others were wounded.

    Kent State graduate and current KSU Associate Professor Carole Barbaro told the Cleveland Plain Dealer she hadn't heard the same things Canfora had at the news conference, but said it is important for Department of Justice officials to scrutinize it further.

    "If the tape is verified, we can put the blame on the person who gave the order to shoot," she said.

    Eight guardsmen were acquitted of charges in 1974.

    ::United Press International 5/02/07

  • Click HERE to listen to the order to shoot given by the Ohio National Guard.
  • Ex-Guardsman Larry Shafer: Never heard command to fire

    Letter to the editor
    Kent State case is 'buried deep, real deep'

    May 2, 2007

    I am a resident of Ohio and an alumnus of Kent State University. I was a junior when the Kent State Shootings occurred on May 4, 1970. The 11 p.m. News on WKYC-TV3 showed an alarming film segment of a student with a gun waving above his head and running toward a group of Campus Police/Ohio National Guardsmen. He was out of breath, but shouting that: "I had to shoot, I had to shoot".

    The scene then switched to an ambulance arriving on campus. I knew who the student was with the gun. I called the FBI Office in Cleveland the next day and gave them a ton of information on illegal and unlawful activities this individual was involved in as a student/informant/photographer since 1968 at Kent State.

    The FBI said they would get back to me -- they never did. Instead they concealed the informant's tracks thoroughly. The footage of the film with audio, as I described to the FBI disappeared and has yet to surface again -- anywhere.

    As the case was pieced together by media and investigative authors, the FBI/Kent Campus Police informant was the probable catalyst of the Kent State shootings, according to student and National Guard witnesses.

    After repeated requests to governmental sources asking the FBI to "come clean" on what they did as a result of my voluntary testimony to them on May 5, 1970, they have remained silent and so have all elected officials both federal and state. I have submitted packages of evidence, film, photographs, and testimonies to them regarding the FBI/informant/photographer and his grave actions on May 4th, but they will not even acknowledge the information that was sent to them including certified and registered mailings.

    A friend of mine who is an attorney in the Akron, Ohio area got my package of indicting information and contacted two close friends who work for in the FBI. They personally got back to him within two weeks in January 2006 -- and they told him that the Kent State case is "buried deep, real deep."

    Joseph M. Sima
    North Olmsted, Ohio

    BUZZFLASH: Four Dead in Ohio

    Cindy Sheehan May 4, 2007 will be the 37th year since the Kent State, Ohio massacre where four anti-war protesters were killed by Ohio National Guardsmen during a protest against Richard Nixon's announced escalation in Vietnam.

    On that day in 1970, anti-Vietnam war sentiment in the entire nation was high as hundreds of soldiers were coming home in flag-draped coffins every week and we were bombarded daily with images of burning villages and screaming Vietnamese children. The images were harsh, but what was even harsher was the Nixon regime escalating a war in a Johnsonian way when he had promised he would end the quagmire in Vietnam, if elected.

    The Kent State protest rose spontaneously against Nixon's pronouncement. Anti-war sentiment was high on campuses all over America, and soldiers during that time were in full-blown mutiny and actively protest the war "in country" and here in the states. By 1970, there were a reported 209 "fragging" (lower rank soldiers killing their superiors in the field) and well over 55,000 deserters. A young Alabama Air National Guardsman named George W. Bush would soon add his name to the deserters when he failed to report for duty in 1972. It seemed like people from all demographics really cared enough to get out from behind their TV sets and out from behind the protection of their comfortable lives to join protests all over the country. [Click here for MORE] 5/02/07

    Tape 'reveals order'
    to shoot Vietnam protesters

    >Click HERE to listen to the order to shoot given by the Ohio National Guard.

    >Click HERE for video of press conference announcing release of 'Get Set! Point! Fire!' audiotape.

  • 37-year-old recording of Kent State killings found
  • National Guard always denied order to fire

    By Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington
    Wednesday May 2, 2007
    Guardian (UK)

    Alan Canfora The command, as Alan Canfora heard it on a 37-year-old audio recording recently discovered in a government archive, appeared to leave no room for doubt. "Right here. Get set. Point. Fire." Then came 13 seconds of gunfire. When it ended, four students were dead and nine injured, and the shootings at Kent State University became engraved in America's collective memory as one of the most painful days of the Vietnam era.

    Yesterday, Mr Canfora, pictured right, who was among the nine students wounded on that day, demanded a new investigation into the shootings at Kent State in Ohio, saying it was time to settle conclusively what led the contingent of National Guard troops to open fire on unarmed student protesters.

    "There has been a 37-year cover-up at Kent State. The commanding officers have long denied there was a verbal command to fire. They put the blame on the triggermen," Mr Canfora told the Guardian.

    He said he wants the FBI to use new technology to analyse the recording. He also said he planned to post an audio clip of the recording on two websites.

    Mr Canfora, who was 21 years old at the time of the shootings, was barely 60 metres away from the Guards when they opened fire. He was shot in the wrist.

    "They stopped, turned, raised the weapons, began to shoot and continued to shoot for 13 seconds," he said. "It was like a firing squad."

    His life was transformed by the events that day. One of his friends was among the dead, and he has devoted much of his time over the last 37 years trying to bring the Ohio National Guard and the federal authorities to account for the killings.

    The Guard has always claimed that no order was given to open fire, and there is speculation that the students were cut down after one of the troops panicked, triggering a volley of gunfire.

    Although eight guardsmen were indicted, no one was ever prosecuted, and the episode exposed the deep disdain of the Nixon administration for dissenters. The families of the 13 killed and wounded pursued a civil suit against the state governor and the National Guard, which was eventually settled out of court.

    The materials from that civil suit were eventually stored in the archives at Yale University, where Mr Canfora recently rediscovered a 30-minute recording of the protest.

    The recording was made by a fellow student, Terry Strubbe, who placed an old-fashioned reel-to-reel tape recorder on the window sill of his dorm room, which overlooked the protests. Mr Strubbe, who has declined to speak to reporters, still has the original recording in a bank safety deposit box.

    However, a spokesman for Mr Strubbe, Joseph Bendo, told the Guardian yesterday he was unsure whether there were sounds of an order to open fire on the original recording.

    "It was never heard on our version of the tape, but maybe nobody ever listened. It's unusual that nobody has heard it before in 37 years. Other people have heard this tape in the past, and maybe they weren't listening for it," he said.

    But the power of America's memories of that day are undeniable. Nearly two generations after the shootings at Kent State, it now seems unthinkable that the National Guard could ever use live ammunition against students.

    The events of that day were relived endlessly in shocking images of teenagers crouching over the corpses of their fellow students in the US heartland. They also led to protests which radiated across the country, shutting down hundreds of college campuses, and forcing Richard Nixon to decamp Washington for Camp David.


  • Victim says tape of Kent State shootings reveals order to fire
  • Kent State Survivor Wants Truth
  • Kent State Audio Tape Released
  • Old tape analyzed in KSU shootings / Survivor hears evidence that case should reopen
  • 2001 story: Kent State tragedy echoes on audiotape
  • Kent State Tape Is Said to Reveal Orders
  • Recording renews interest in Kent State shooting
  • Looking for proof / May 4 victim: guardsmen were ordered to fire
  • Panels to focus on democracy

    KSU shows support for Virginia Tech
    with afternoon vigil

    Virginia Tech ribbon Kent State President Lester Lefton said many people in the Kent State community know the "overwhelming shock, disbelief and grief" Virginia Tech is experiencing because of the community's own experiences with the May 4, 1970 shootings.

    "Although nothing will ever look or feel the same to those who were living, working and studying on the Virginia Tech campus four days ago — and nothing can bring back the precious and promise-filled lives that were lost — Kent State is a testament to the resilience of the human spirit and its capacity to create great good from great pain," Lefton said to the hundreds gathered in Risman Plaza.
    :: DAILY KENT STATER, 4/20/07

  • Annual May 4 ceremony at Kent State to honor Virgina Tech students




    By Alan Canfora
    Alan Canfora NOTE: Unarmed anti-war Kent State University student Alan Canfora takes a stand against the Ohio National Guard on the Kent State campus on May 4, 1970, right, before being shot through the right wrist. [Photo: John Filo]

    In recent months, while researching mountains of evidence for my two forthcoming May 4-related books, I was stunned to discover absolute corroborated proof of the verbal order to shoot and kill. In the five seconds before the 67 gunshots were fired, a National Guard commander shouted this verbal command at the top of Blanket Hill: "Right here! Set! Point! Fire!"

    For daily online updates of supporting evidence leading to our imminent announcement, see: and [Click here for MORE]

    ::ALAN CANFORA 4/19/07

    New May 4th Documentary filming
    for the National Geographic Channel

    National Geographic logo "Raw History" Six one-hour episodes employing rare pictures, video and other information to uncover new insights into iconic events. Among the subjects the series will cover are Iwo Jima, the assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan and the shooting at Kent State University. "You'll find the truth is more complex than the conventional wisdom," Michael Cascio, senior VP of special programming at NatGeo, said. The show is scheduled to air in the third quarter of 2007.
    :: TVWEEK.COM, 4/16/07

    37th Annual May 4th Commemoration

    Tom Hayden Cindy Sheehan

    KEYNOTERS: Tom Hayden and Cindy Sheehan are scheduled to speak.